Tracing the history of Serbia in the castles, fortresses and ruins
Palaces and fortresses scattered around Serbia give evidence of turbulent past but also of romantic stories, duels and bohemian nights. But this is not where Serbian historic buildings end. All over the country, there are different traces of past civilizations that lived n this area. The first archaeological settlements date back to 11.000 years ago in Lepenski Vir and Vinca settlements, the main candidates for the title of the oldest European civilization. Later on, when the mighty Romans came, they recognized huge value of Serbian nature and amazing thermal waters with healing powers and built ancients spas and cities that you can visit even today. A bit later there was the Ottoman ruling in the south and the Habsburgs ruling in the north resulting in the contradictory and totally opposite architectures of cities like Nis and Novi Sad, which are only within a couple of hundreds of kilometers. As for the optimal geographical position, Belgrade has always been the center of happening, and all the influences culminate and intertwine right here – at the strategically built Serbian capital.
Fairy-tale castles around Vojvodina
If you want to visit a more opulent part of Serbia, you can follow in the footsteps of the most famous Serbian aristocrats from the 19th century and discover Dundjerski Castles. These castles are places of inspiration, and ultimate relaxation, as well as your gateway to time travel.. The castles stand tall between a vast blanket of trees, and most of the surrounding area is used for the agricultural purposes today. Those castles serve as a cultural and natural monument across the country. If you prefer an adventure like in fairy-tales or just wish to uncover some old love stories, bohemian nights, you can visit one of the Dundjerski castles across Vojvodina. These castles combine stories of beautiful ladies, traditional crafts, lush parks, and magnificent buildings and furniture from the 19th century.
Best preserved military fortresses
If you’re looking for a true history adventure, visit some of the medieval fortresses, palaces or museums around Serbia. There is plenty to discover in the monumental stone walls and towers forged above cities, rivers, or atop mountains and listen to their legends carved in rocks. A real touch of mystery while visiting the ancient fortresses, guarding towers witnessing the time and the glorious history and serving as the proof to the shifting trends and modern age. There are seven fortresses on the Danube lining up to the Djerdap gorge. Some of the must visit ones while exploring the Serbian cities and urban adventures are Petrovaradin fortress in Novi Sad, Kalemegdan fortress in Belgrade, Smederevo fortress, Golubac fortress, etc…Many of these fortresses have mysterious underground rooms and tunnels and many of which still remain unexplored. For some of them, it's possible to join the guided tours and explore the obscure part of the history, walking the moist walls and its unusual stories.
Discovering rich Roman heritage in Serbia
Did you know that the 18 of the Roman emperors were actually born in Serbia? It is a little-known fact that many Serbian towns and cities guard ancient artifacts dating back to when what is now Serbia was part of the powerful Roman Empire. The most important and well-known of the Roman emperors was Constantine the Great, who was born in present-day Nis, a city in the south of Serbia, around 240 kilometers from Belgrade. Apart from producing a number of emperors, today's Serbia – known back then as the Roman province of Moesia Superior – was also home to the imperial city of Sirmium, present-day Sremska Mitrovica in the northern Serbian province of Vojvodina. In addition, the Roman provincial capital of Viminacium, a number of imperial residences and villas - Felix Romuliana, Sarkamen, Mediana and Justiniana Prima – and several forts and fortified towns were also built in Serbia.
Prehistoric Serbia and cradle of European civilization
Prehistoric civilizations developed on Serbian territory since before the 9 000 years BC. Archaeological sites, such as Lepenski Vir, Vinca and Starcevo provide evidence that prehistoric people preferred Danube valley, as an optimal place to settle down and abandon nomad for stationary lifestyle. Most of the artifacts found in Vinca Settlement, close to the Belgrade, can be seen as a permanent exhibition in the National Museum. The findings in Lepenski Vir, give an impression of the advanced civilization for that time as well as quite unique artifacts and sculptures of fish-like creatures. It's believed that these sculptures had a religious purpose. The ancient civilizations had a distinctive building style, unique spiritual elements and invaluable artifacts, holding a special place in the world of archaeology.
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